Ayurveda and Herbal Plants Research Series : The Ayurvedic/Herbal Plant ( Bakula Tree) Remedy for those are born in Anuradha Moon Nakashtras or Ascendant
“Indian Medaller ” or “ The Scared Bakula Tree “
Common Name : Bakula, Bolsari, Maulsarau, Mahilam( Tamil).
Sanskrit : Chirapushpa, Anangaka, Bakula, Chirapushpa, Dhanvi, Gudhpushpa, Kantha, Karuka, Kesha, Mukula, Padyamoda, Sharadika, Sindhugandha, Simhakeshaa, Sthirmukhgandha, Surabhi Tailanga, Varalahdha, Visharada
Commonly Found in : Asia, Australia, Pacific.
Botnaical Name : Mimusops elengi L
Vernacular Name: San: Bakula, Madhugandha, Surabhi
Local Names in Languages :
English :Bakul tree, Spanish cherry, Bullet wood, Asian bullet wood, West India medlar
Hindi :Maulsari मौलसरी
Kannada : Pokkalathu, Ranjal
Konkani : Omval
Malayalam : Elengi, Elenji, Elangi, Ilanni,Bakulam, Mukura, Elanchi
Manipuri : Bokul Lei
Marathi : Bakuli
Others : Bulletwood, Indian Medlar, Bakula, Magizham, Elengi, Pagade Tree’s,Maulsari,Spanish Cherry.
Tamil : Magizhamboo, Magizhamaram, Magizham, Magadam
Urdu : Kirakuli
Habit: Large tree.
Habitat: Semi evergreen forests.
Etymology: Madhugandha (sweet fragrance) and Surabhi (pleasant) are due to its sweet-scented flowers.
For More Details : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mimusops_elengi
Ancient Sacred Uses and History of Bakula:
This is one of Most celebrated sacred tree found in Hindu Scriptures and Puranas and even placed amongst the flowers of the Hindu Paradise.This tree is even mentioned several time in the Ramayana and considered as flowering tree found in the Gandhamadana forest and it is one of common tree found in the Panchavati growing near the lake in full bloom around Pampa Lake. One of an attractive tree adorning the Ashoka Vatika. Many a time it is used for constructing of Bridge and one of main flowering tree blossom in Lord Rama garden. Even Lord Krishna too celebrated this flowering tree by wearing a garland made of Bakula flowers. The Bakul tree is mentioned frequently in the Mahabharata – Lord Krishna used to play his flute under a Bakul tree and attract the milkmaids of Vrindavan. The ancient Indian sages regarded these trees as gifts from God. Bakul trees are frequently found growing at temple entrances. The Bakula tree, which is considered male, is planted on the right side of the temple entrance, while the chalta tree (Dillenia indica), which is considered female, is planted on the left side. The dense canopy of the Bakul tree provides a cool shade where devotees can sit, talk, relax and meditate. The Bakul flowers are used as offerings to the god. It is one of the 7 Scared trees associated with the Gautam Buddha and also scared to the Jains as it as an Emblem or Naminatha, A Tirthankara, he attained enlightenment under the shade of the Bakula Tree. Bakula flowers are offered to Lord Ganesha during the 21-Pushpa puja. The flowers are considered to be very sacred in Jainism and Buddhism.According to Brihat Samhita, one must plant this sacred tree near houses, Temples and religious places. Kalidasa mentioned this tree as a symbol of love and Beauty as the scent of the flowers of the Bakula resembles wines and the fragrance is linked to the breadth of the young women. Even it doesn’t lose its fragrance in the sun too.It is believed that Bakula flowers bloom when a sweet wine is sprinkled from the mouth of a beautiful woman on them. They are the harbinger of ‘Basant’ or spring in India. The blooming phase of the flowers is from May to June. The flowers are small, about 2 cm in diameter. The flower has a crown coming out from the middle. The flowers would fall by morning, however, the fragrance remains as-it-is. The Bakula Pushpa plant has lots to offer and is also called Indian Medlar or Bulletwood tree when it comes to therapeutic benefits. However, Indians aren’t stranger to their beneficial properties for hair care and skin care. Known as Bakula to us, back home, this tree finds mention in the ancient scriptures of Ayurveda as well as in Kalidas’ Megduta.Natives those are born in Anuradha Nakashtra in moon sign of Scorpio or in Anuradha Ascendant and those having Saturn as Bhadhaka graha or for Capricorn Lagana Where this Nakashtra also falls in Bhadhaka Sign too, should Plant this tree in their surroundings or near houses and they should donate this tree either in any temple or any religious place for curing para-Psychological diseases or troubled by this nakshatra. Even those are born in Anuradha Nakashtra, they should meditate under this tree daily to cure of Negative impact of this Nakashtra in their Mental and physical health.Siddha Bakula tree is a certain tree in Puri in the state of Orissa, India. Under this tree Haridas Thakur, the famous Indian saint sat and chanted the holy names 20 hours daily.
Bakul tree belongs to the mimosa family of trees. The original tree which dates 500 years ago can still be found at this place today and is revered by pilgrims and tourists who visit Puri. Siddha Bakula is located near Gambhira Temple on Bali Sahi road. Siddha Bakula is the bhajana kutir of Haridasa Thakur, the place where he chanted 3,00,000 names of Krishna daily.
There is a small temple featuring a murthi of namacarya Srila Haridas Thakura in a sitting pose chanting japa. The site has extraordinary bakula tree winding and climbing around the courtyard. Tree looks like it exploded or it appears like petrified wood; completely dead. Yet it is wonderfully flourishing with lush green leaves and fragrant flowers. In another temple altar is Sadbhuja Gauranga (six-armed Gauranga) in the middle and Sri Nityananda Prabhu and Advaita Acarya. There is also a Deity of Lord Narasimhadeva.
Bakula Amavasya ( Associated with the Amavasya)
Bakula flowers are offered to the manes, seeking Their blessings.
Bakula is a lovely green small tree of the Indian subcontinent. With its small shiny, thick, narrow, pointed leaves, straight trunk and spreading branches, it is a prized ornamental specimen because it provides a dense shade and during the months from March to July fills the night air with the delicious heady aroma of its tiny cream coloured flowers. Flowers are small, star-shaped, yellowish white in colour, with a crown rising from the centre. Oval leaves, wavy at the margin, about 5-16 cm and 3-7 cm wide. In the morning the fragrant flowers which so graciously scented their surroundings with their deep, rich, fragrance during the evening hours, fall to the ground. People love to collect them as they retain their odour for many days after they fall. They are offered in temples and shrines throughout the country.
Appears in Indian mythology as Vakula – said to put forth blossoms when sprinkled with nectar from the mouth of lovely women. Fruits are eaten fresh.
Leaf is used in purificatory rituals of temples. It is a sacred plant. Ripe fruits and roasted seeds are edible. Corollas are made into garlands. β-sitosterol, α- spinasterol, quercitol, dihydroquercetin, lupeol, ursolic acid, teraxerone and hentriacontane are the active constituents
Large evergreen tree. Leaves simple, broadly ovate, glabrous. Flowers white, sweet-scented, in axillary clusters. Sepal 8, in 2 series, ovate, tomentose. Corolla 8-lobed; lobes divided to the base into 3 segments. Stamens 8, alternating with fimbriate staminodes. Fruit 1-seeded, ovoid berry, orange-red when ripe
Large trees up to 35 m tall.
Bark dark grey, longitudinally fissured, lenticellate; blaze pink.
Branchlets terete, puberulous when young, later glabrous.
Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 1-2.5 cm long, glabrous, terete and canaliculate towards apex; pubescent when young, later glabrous; lamina 7-14 x 2.5-7 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex shortly acuminate with blunt tip, base rounded or acute, margin sl
Flowers white, in axillary fascicles; pedicel up to 2 cm.
Fruit & seed :
Berry, ellipsoid, reddish-brown when ripe; seed one.
Anuradha Nakashtra rules over Bladder, Genitals, rectum, Nasal Bones, Bones near Genitals. Natives of this nakshatra are prone to Suppression of menses, constipation, sterility, piles, fracture of high bones, sore throat strictures, Anemia, unknown pain in bones, cough, acidity, cold, windy problem, gouts, arthritis and Skin problems.
Spiritual Solution and Rituals :
For Curing Such problems Spiritually native of Anuradha Nakashtra should do worshipping of Lord Krishna and Shiva with this Flowers daily and should do Meditation under this tree to get rid of sins and diseases after worshipping Lord Arunachaleshwara (Lord Shiva) in Annamalaiyar Temple, a Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Shiva, located at the base of Annamalai hills in the town of Thiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu, India. As this tree is very much scared to Lord Shiva, as one of the names of Lord Shiva is too Bakula. Even it is said that women circumambulate the scared tree and tie a cradle to it they will be blessed with a male child. This nakshatra is associated with the Anuradha nakshatra and 2nd pada of Ashwini.
Ayurvedic Properties of Bakula:
Rasa (Taste) : Katu (Pungent), Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (Qualities) : Guru
Vipaka : Katu (Undergoes Pungent taste after digestion)
Veerya (Potency) : Sheeta
Karma (Actions) : Pitta-kapha shamaka ( It reduces vitiated Pitta and kapha dosha )
Madhura : sweet
Snigdha : unctuous, oily
Kashaya : astringent,
Vishada : clarity, non slimy
Hima : coolant
Hrudya : acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for heart
Dantya : good for teeth
Sangrahi : absorbent, useful in diarrhea, IBS
Vatala : increases Vata Dosha
Guru : heavy to digest
It is used in for conditions of :
Visha : Toxic conditions, poisoningShvitra : leucoderma, vitiligoKrumi : worm infestationDantaroga : tooth decay
Lotion prepared from the flowers is used to clear wounds and the ulcers and decoction of the bark helps in regenerating tissues at much greater rates and controls bleeding and cures excessive mucous secretion from the bladder and urethra.
Its Brak is a tonic to treat fevers and is used as mouthwash to protect gums and teeth. A paste of the roots mixed with vinegar is used for swelling on the Face, and a paste made with water is applied to pustular eruptions of the skin and regular chewing of the tender fruits strengthens the teeth.The seeds are used in the preparation of eye drops and antidotes and to treat bowel disorders and the oil extracted from the seed is applied to swelling of the joints, simply this tree is Ramban for Anuradha Nakashtra natives mental and physical diseases.
Bark decoction is used as gargle for toothache and over salivation. It is taken internally for fever. Seed ash is used to brush teeth which strengthen teeth and prevent cavities. Bark decoction is used for mouth ulcers, swellings, also to increase appetite and digestive power.
Flower and fruit decoction is used to wash chronic ulcers. Flower powder is snuffed for running nose. Paste of seed fried in ghee is applied over anus in case of constipation. Bark extract has the property to increase fertility. Fruit pulp is applied for snake bite and headache. Ripe fruits are eaten for easy delivery. Bark decoction is given internally for menstrual disorders and rheumatism. It is also used for venereal diseases. Seed paste is applied for toothache. Twigs are used as toothbrush to prevent tooth decay. Bark and leaf paste is applied for skin diseases and leprosy.
Crushed fruit is applied for toothache. Crushed bark decoction is used as gargle for wounds in gum, loose teeth, gum swelling and bleeding. 6 drops of dried flower powder dissolved in water is poured into nose for repeated headache and running nose. Fruit extract is used for migraine, headache, running nose and mental debility. Bark decoction is used for biliousness, phlegm, dysentery, blood discharge in urine and menstrual problems. Oil extracted from flowers is applied for mental disorders.
Bark decoction is recommended for rheumatism and fever. Leaf paste is applied for furuncles and scabies. Seed oil is applied for eye diseases and taken internally to expel worms.
Common Diseases Treatment :
Bakul or Maulsari tree is a Very useful sacred Herb uses in Herbology and ayurvedic treatments of various common diseases. almost every part of its including, leaves, fruit, bark and flowers are used whereas The flowers, bark and fruits are highly recommended for common use.
Beneficial uses of Bakula :
1. The bark is used as a tonic to reduce fever.
2. Leaves are mostly used as an antidote for snake-bite.
3. The pulp of the fruit is used in curing chronic dysentery.
4. Dried flowers powder is used as a brain tonic.
5. Seeds of the tree are an agent for purging the bowels.