Understanding Calculation of Time in Astrology- How events are Manifested in astrological Dashas and transits
Power of Kaal-Chakra System – How results are Manifested by 9 planets
As per surya Siddhanta Verse number 10
Lord Surya preaching to Demon Maya on time :
” Lokanaamankrat Kaala Kaloanaya klanaataatmaka |
Sa Dedha sathool sookshama tatvaa anmooratshramurta uchayate || “
Meaning – Time is based on two schemes, one is used for creation and destruction purpose for planetary structure of human beings and it is endless, eternal and cyclic in nature and and other is purely mathematical also cyclic in nature and preciously exist in both material and non material form.
The eternal cycle of Life and Death; Birth and Re-birth; Formation and Dissolution is called the Kaal-chakra or the ‘Wheel of Time’ which is keep rotating and keep changing in a never ending cycle of cosmos.
Jains believe that time is infinite, without any beginning or end.
Time is divided into infinite equal time cycles (Kalchakras). Every time cycle is further sub-divided in two equal halves. The first half is the progressive cycle or ascending order, called Utsarpini. The other half is the regressive cycle or the descending order, called Avasarpini. Astrologically, one of the oldest Calendars followed in Hinduism, is the Saptarishi calendar which begins from 6676 BCE (earlier referred to as BC). This version was in use in northern India from at least the 4th century BCE, as witnessed by the statements of Greek and Roman writers.
Another Indian calendar is known as the Vikram Era, or the Vikram Samvat, which began in 57 BCE. This calendar derives its name from the original king Vikramaditya of Ujjain and the date is supposed to mark the victory of the king over the Shakas, who had invaded Ujjain. Another calender’s which is the Official Indian calendar now is known as the Saka Calendar and starts in 78 CE.
(Source : wiki)
Time in Vedic Cosmology
“As Explained by John Major Jenkins in Galactic-Alignment, In Vedic mythology, a fabled dawn time existed in the distant past, when human beings had direct contact with the divine intelligence emanating from Brahma – ” the seat of creative power and intelligence in the cosmos. This archaic Golden Age (the Satya Yuga) lasted some 4800 years(Divine years). After the Golden Age ended, humanity entered a denser era, that of the Silver Age, lasting only 3600 years. In this age, humanity’s connection with the source was dimmed, and sacrifices and spiritual practices became necessary to preserve it.
The Bronze Age followed, and humanity forgot its divine nature.
Empty dogmas arose, along with indulgence in materialism. Next we entered the Kali Yuga—in which we remain today—where the human spirit suffers under gross materialism, ignorance, warfare, stupidity, arrogance, and everything contrary to our divine spiritual potential.
As the teachings tell, Kali, the creator-destroyer Goddess, will appear at the end of Kali Yuga to sweep away the wasted detritus of spirit-dead humanity, making way for a new cycle of light and peace. Notice that the Manu text takes us from a pinnacle of light to the ultimate end-point of the process—the darkness of Kali Yuga.
And notice that the four ages, when the overlap period is added, amounts to only half of the 24,000-year period of the Vedic Yuga cycle.”
(Source: Galactic Alignment – By John Major Jenkins)
According to the principles of Indian time measurement, the smallest unit of measurement of Time is the involuntary time taken to drop one’s eyelid or the Blink of an Eye. It is remarkable that the ancients chose such a mode of measurement because this time is Constant for all living individuals hence does not depend on any Variables.
This unit is known as a ‘Nimish’
Three Units (03) of Nimish combine to form a ‘Kshan’ Five Units (05) of Kshan combine to form a ‘Kashtha‘
Thirty Units (30) of Kashtha combine to form a ‘Kaal’
Thirty Units (30) of Kaal combine to form a ‘Muhurat’
Thirty Units (30) of Muhurat then combine to form a 24 hour period known as the ‘Divas-ratri’
Calculation of Time as Per Surya Siddhanta
1 paramanu – 60,750th of a second
6 Praan – 1 Pal ( or Vinadi or 24 seconds)
60 vinadi – 1 nadi (24 minutes)
60 pal – 1 Ghati ( or Nadi )
1 Ghati – 24 Minute
60 Ghati – 1 Day ( 1 solar Day )
21,600 Pran – 1 Day ( 86,400 Seconds)
1 Truti – 29.6296 microseconds
100 Truti (Atoms) – 1 Tatpar
1 tatpar – 2.96296 milliseconds
30 Tatpar – 1 Nimesh
1 nimesh – 88.889 milliseconds
45 nimesha –1 prana ( 4 seconds)
18 Nimesh – 1 Kashtha ( bit)
1 kashţha – 1.6 seconds
30 Kashatha – 1 Kala (minute)
1 kala – 48 seconds
30 Kala – 1 Ghatika (Half Hour)
2 Ghatika – 1 Muhurta ( Hour)
1 muhurta – 48 minutes
30 Muhurta – 1 day
In terms of Modern Astrological System
60 Second – 1 Minute
60 Minute – 1 degree
30 Degree – 1 Rashi
12 Rashi – Zodiac
This 24 hour period is also divided into an overlapping division called the ‘Praher’ or’Paher’. Each 12 hour period has 4 Prahers each, thereby dividing one rotation of Earth into 8 equal parts.
Fifteen Units (15) of Divas-Ratri form a fortnight or a ‘Paksh’. The bright waxing Moon fortnight is called the Shukla Paksh and the dark waning Moon fortnight is known as the Krishna Paksh.
In one of the higher planets called Pitralok, one fortnight of humans corresponds to one day and a similar time period counts as their night. Therefore, the Bright fortnight forms the Day of the Pitras and the Dark one forms the Night.
Two Units (2) of Pakshs combine to form a month or a ‘Masa’Six Units (6) of Maas jointly are referred to as an ‘Ayan’
The six months when Sun is in the Northern Hemisphere are called the Uttarayan and the corresponding six in the lower hemisphere form the Dakshinayan. This bright northern jurney of Sun forms One day of the Devas and the six human month Southern journey forms their Night. Thus, for the demigods, One human year is equivalent to One Day-Night period.
This Way Time is divided in Hinduism and Jainism and every moment, second, minutes and days and hours are controlled and divided by the motion of Sun and Moon.
In Terms of Yuga ( Period Of Evolution of Life cycle or Kaal (Duration)
Krita-yuga – 1,728,000 years 4
Treta-yuga – 1,296,000 years 3
Dvapara-yuga – 864,000 years 2
Kali-yuga – 432,000 years 1
1 chatur yuga (mahayuga) – 4,320,000 human years
1 Mahayuga – 4,320,000 Solar Years
1 manvantara – 71 cycles of chatur yuga
1 maha kalpa – 100 years of Brahma (311,040,000,000,000 human years)
In Terms of Solar Cycle (Aayana)
The angle Between the planes of Ecliptic and Equator is inclined at 23 ‘ 28 to the celestial equator and it is the annual path of the Sun around earth as seen apparently and above it there is belt of zodiac about 9 degrees north and 9 degrees South of the ecliptic where the moon and other planets have their motion.On 21st of March Sun is at Zero which is also the first point of Moveable Sun.when the Sun Starts moving Northward from Winter Solstice on 21st of December Sun is considered as Uttrayan and it remains in Uttrayan up-to 21st of June and Moves to dakshinayan from 21st June to 21st December.
When it is moving from North to South it is called Entering Libra when Sun is on Autumnal Equinox on 23rd September. Sidereal Location of Stars is fixed from Zero Degree of Fixed aries in Ashwani Nakashtra with the reference point at the end of Revti Nakashtra. The angular Distance between the first point of the fixed Aries and of the Movable aries is called Ayanamsa. In Chitra Pakasha System Zero point of Aries is 180-degree opp to Chitra Nakashtra.
Time in Vedic Astrology
The same way other planets do have a deep impact in this Kalachakra if we try to understand astrologically.
In Astrology, Order of Results, Timing of Events depend on Sequences of Dasha systems, Transits, their movements over nakshatras in particular degrees and their Priorities and most important order of protocols they follow in any chart (Chart is also made based on Kaal-chakra concept, circular in manner divided into 12 equal parts having 30 degree each- total count 360 degree – same way earth rotates around Sun, Moon Around earth and other planets rotates around sun).
Protocol Head is Nakashtra and their lords which are moving around the Bhramand (The Universe or Aakash tatva – Ultimately God – signified by Jupiter ). Nakashtra is the Micro level unit of our Vedic system, so what I believe is most of the results are governed by the power of Nakshatras.
There is an Ancient story behind this, Nakshatras are the 27 daughters of Daksh Prajapati (1st Son of Lord Bhrama) who are married to Lord Moon and also part of Nakashtra Loka. Each Nakashtra has its own nature as per the qualities they possess. By default all Nakashtras are feminine in nature which means, there is a power of Shakti – The Godmothers or Goddess energy in the creation of all the universe and the things which belongs to this whole universe (Universe acts as a Womb where everything is summarized).
So, the ultimate creator of this whole universe is Maa Shakti (Goddess Durga or Women energy and every man is the micro unit of The Shakti. So, feminism is present in every human being belong to this whole universe (either men, animals or plants or any herbs).
This is Basic reason why in Hinduism, Goddess Maa Shakti has Special place and in my own belief to everyone Should Worship Maa Shakti as the ultimate mother of the whole universe in order to understand the creation and creativity behind this cosmos, All Tridevs are Bound to follow the order of Maa Shakti for running this Universe in a peaceful manner. The whole Universe is a reflection of the Shiva-Shakti energy, in quantum science signified by two particles present before cosmos creation, that had created the Kaal-chakra System and all the planets are role player in this Kaal chakra system, every movement of planets, stars and signs are part of Space and time which signifies important event in individual life( A Time & Space Formulation in modern terms ) to circulate the karma system or process of rebirth.
All planets are karka of Kaal means time, all are in a rotatory manner moving around Sun – the creator, that’s why called King of Solar system, Spiritually signified by Narayana and the energy of Maa Adi Shakti.